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Cusco

Cusco, Capital of the Inca Empire

Located in the Peruvian Andes, Cuzco developed under the Inca ruler Pachacutec, in an urban complex with different religious and administrative functions. It was surrounded by clearly defined areas for agricultural, artisan and commercial production. When the Spaniards conquered it in the 16th century, they built the baroque churches and palaces on the ruins of the Inca city.

Synthesis

The city of Cusco, 3,400 m above sea level, is located in a fertile alluvial valley fed by several rivers in the heart of the central Peruvian Andes of South America. Under the dominion of the Inca Pachacuteq (Tito Inca Yupanqui), in the 15th century, the city was redesigned and remodeled after a pre-Inca occupation process of more than 3,000 years, and became the capital of the Inca Tawantinsuyu Empire, which It covered much of the southern American Andes between the 15th and 16th centuries AD

The city of the Incas developed as a complex urban center with different religious and administrative functions perfectly defined, distributed and organized. The religious and governmental buildings were accompanied by the exclusive residences of the royal families, forming an unprecedented urban symbolic complex, which shows a stone construction technology with exceptional aesthetic and structural properties, such as the Temple of the Sun or Qoricancha, the Aqllahuasi, the Sunturcancha, the Kusicancha and a series of very finely finished buildings that make up the Inca complex as an inseparable unit of Inca urbanism. The city was clearly isolated from clearly defined areas for agricultural, artisanal production, as well as the surrounding areas. The pre-Hispanic patrons and buildings that shaped the city of the Incas visible today.

With the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, the urban structure of the Inca city of Cusco is preserved and temples, monasteries and stately homes were built over the Inca city. They were mostly Baroque style with adaptations, which created a unique and high quality mixed configuration that represents the initial juxtaposition and fusion of different periods and cultures, as well as the historical continuity of the city. The extraordinary syncretism of the city is evident not only in its physical structure, but also in the artistic expression of the viceroyalty. It became one of the most important centers of creation and production of religious art in the continent. It is also important for the customs and traditions of its population, many of which retain their ancestral origins. From its past complex, woven with significant events and beautiful legends, the city has preserved a fantastic and coherent complex and is today an amazing amalgam of the Inca capital and the pioneer city. First of all, it retains impressive vestiges, especially its plan: meticulously cut granite or andesite walls, rectilinear streets that run within the walls, and the ruins of the temple of the sun. From the provincial city, the newly whitewashed squatting houses, the Palace and the wonderful baroque churches that achieved the impossible fusion of Plateresque, Mudejar or Churrigueresque styles with that of the Inca tradition remain.

 

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