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Paracas Culture

The Paracas Culture was an important society in the history of Peru well known for its textile art, its mummies and for cranial trepanation to be able to cure fractures and tumors in the skull.
They arose approximately approximately between 700 B.C. and 200 A.D., with extensive knowledge of irrigation and water management. Most of our information about the life of the inhabitants of the Paracas culture comes from excavations in the Paracas necropolis, first investigated by the Peruvian archaeologist Julio C. Tello in the 1920s. The Wari Kayan necropolis consisted of in a multitude of large underground burial chambers, with an average capacity of about forty mummies. It is suggested that each large chamber could have been owned by a specific family or clan, which they use for many generations. Each mummy was tied with cable to hold it in place, and then wrapped in many layers of intricate textiles, ornaments, and tissue. These textiles are now known as some of the best ever produced by Andean pre-Columbian societies, and are the main works of art by which the Paracas culture is known.

Geographic Location of the Paracas Culture

It was developed in the Paracas peninsula, located in what is now the Paracas district of the province of Pisco, in the Ica Region, located 18kms from the city of Pisco. Its main centers were in the bay of Paracas and its influence reached Chincha, Pisco, Ica, Palpa and Río Grande. The Paracas culture extended from the north to the Cañete valley and from the south to the Llauca valley in Arequipa, as important remains of this culture in the Ica valley there are two Peña Vajahuana and Animas high villages and in the valley of Chincha the Huaca Rosa.


Paracas is an ideal destination for those interested in nature, ancient civilizations, birdwatchers, lovers of water sports, desert adventures and relaxation. Paracas is a destination that can be visited all year. Paracas is a resort, a peninsula, a bay, a desert, a pre-Inca culture, a national reserve and the name of a strong wind, which sporadically produces desert sandstorms. The Paracas area is a very rare and particular ecosystem, conformed by a desert of great dunes and dunes to the shores of the Pacific Ocean, much of its territory is protected in the Paracas National Reserve.

In the Paracas spa there are excellent hotels for rest and relaxation, and from here the starting point to visit the Ballestas Islands, the reserve, the practice of water sports on its beaches highlighting sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing, or venturing In the desert in buggies. Normally Paracas is visited in combination with Nazca or Ica because of its proximity. From Paracas you can also start the overflight to the famous and mysterious Nazca Lines or Palpa Lines. In our Paracas travel guide you can find information on the main attractions and experiences in Paracas and its surroundings, information on tours, hotels and transport services.



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